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Group 1 & 2
Summary Non-nursing Theories
The non-nursing theories discussed this week are Kolb's Experiential Theory, Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence and Erickson's Theory of Psychosocial Development. The power point presentations were well developed and contained all the required information. Every one agreed that these three theories can be used in our own nursing practice especially when teaching clients about their health care.

Kolb's theory stated that individuals learn from immediate experiences and also in a predictive manner. Discussion revolved around these specific points. One member disagreed with the thought that all people learn alike. Another believed that people do learn from immediate experiences, but how they react to the experience is unpredictable. Kolb's theory was also compared to adult learning theory which contends that adult learners need immediate application of new knowledge. A correlation was made between Kolb's stages of learning and Benner's model of novice to expert nursing practice. Both were tied to critical thinking. Everyone agreed that application of information led to better learning.

Gardner's theory contains eight categories of intelligence. All group members agreed with the basic preposition that "it is not how smart you are but how you are smart". We all have experienced situations where our clients were having difficulty with grasping a concept about their health care. Members of the group emphasized the need to individualize patient education based on not only client needs but to assess how they learn best and what approach will work for this specific patient. The aspect of children with ADD usually being labeled as academically deficient was discussed. It was stated that these students are usually very bright but are labeled according to society's generally accepted definition of intelligence. As nurses we need to be careful not to label the intelligence of our client's based on purely academic parameters.

Erickson's theory identified the stages an individual goes through during their life time. It is the only developmental theory that identifies stages of development past childhood. Everyone agreed that these stages can be used in their nursing practice to identify patient's strengths and weaknesses. The nurse can then capitalize on the strengths to help clients achieve the best level of wellness possible. Another discussion revolved around understanding patient's reactions based on the developmental stage. As nurses we may be able to anticipate how a patient will respond to a situation based on their developmental stage. The concept of GenXers was discussed. The literature is saying that GenXers are approximately six years behind in acheiving each developmental stage as defined by Erickson. This may be why "older" teachers, nurses, and others are having such difficulty with the lack of this generations acceptance of responsibilty for one's actions. Again, another issue to consider as we take care of our patients.

Interestingly, three diverse non-nursing theories but all group members were able to relate each theory to their own nursing practice. Hopefully, this exercise will help us to continue providing individualized care to all our patients based on researched theories.
Week 5 Summarizer

Group 3 & 4


The three non-nursing theory's discussed during these past two days were Maslow's Heirarchy, Pavlov's Theory, and Bandura's Theory. All three questions were answered throughout the discussion. We all agreed how all three, although non-nursing, are still used in the nursing setting. Maslow's Heirarchy was the one that everyone believed was used the most in the nursing setting, and had the most research towards nursing. However, most of us also discussed how the heirarchy is looked at in many different ways. Maslow states that food, comfort, and self-esteem is the base to the pyramid, which can be true, however when in a situation of trauma or respiratory issues that is thrown to the bottom of the list and saving the person's life is the base of the pyramid. So although Maslow had plenty of research it can still be looked at in many different ways.

Bandura's Theory was the most interesting theory on Social Learning. Many of us beleived that social learning has a great deal to the way most people's personalties are. However, it is not the only thing that forms a person's personality. At one point it was discussed how ones who grow up in a household of fighting and violence, tend to grow up with the same kind of lifestyle; however, the person also has the choice to leave that lifestyle and to not have that type of personality. It was also discussed how children these days are being molded by video games. The video games are becoming more violent and it seems as if so are the personalities of the children. An example that we used were the examples of my own brother, and of Keesha's son. How they are mild tempered kids however, once playing the game or finishing the game the personailty changes. It is amazing how a video game can be a part of our social learning.

Lastly, Pavlov's Theory was a bit more difficult to put into the nursing perspective, but what all of us agreed on was how Pavlov enlightened us on Classical Conditioning. Julie’s example of how the blind man was conditioned to open his mouth when he heard the sound of a pills was a perfect example of the theory. We also used an example of oncology patient's and how when some of the patient's see something that relates to chemotherapy they automatically become nauseous. Another example, was teaching a patient how to use a pillow to help with post-op patient's pain. We all agreed on how subconsciously we use Pavlov's Theory on a day to day basis.

All in all, we all learned a great deal on all of these non-nursing theories and how they still relate to nurses. All three of these theorists used plenty of research and time to put their theory into practice and we need to keep their work alive by putting it into the research of nursing and into the nursing practice.

Group 3 + 4 summary,


Nattallie Masso